Cavity is a hole in the tooth as a result of acids produced by bacteria in dental plaque.
Tooth sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. Basically, tooth sensitivity means experiencing pain or discomfort to your teeth from sweets, cold air, hot drinks, cold drinks or ice cream. Some people with sensitive teeth even experience discomfort from brushing and flossing. The good news is that sensitive teeth can be treated.
Dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, is the reduced flow of saliva. Sufficient saliva is needed in the mouth to wash away food debris and reduce plaque by neutralizing the acids that plaque produces. Gingivitis, gum disease and severe tooth decay often occur if dry mouth is left untreated. Other common problems linked to dry mouth are difficulty speaking, hoarseness, persistent sore throat, problems with swallowing, burning sensation in the mouth and dry nasal passages. Be sure to discuss treatment methods with us if you suffer from the dry mouth
Tooth erosion is the wearing away of tooth enamel by acid. The enamel is the hard calcified tissue that covers and protects the outside of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in our bodies. The saliva in our mouth contains calcium which helps to strengthen and remineralize teeth but remineralization can not occur when a great deal of acid is present.
The high amount of acids in the food and drink that you consume can cause tooth erosion. Soft drinks and pure fruit juices contain a high amount of acid. Tooth erosion can also be caused by medical factors such as a decrease in saliva, acid reflux disease, certain gastrointestinal conditions and the eating disorder bulimia.
A veneer is a thin shell made out of porcelain or composite material. They are custom made and cemented to the front side of the tooth. A veneer can be used to treat dental conditions such as a slightly crooked tooth, discolored teeth, chipped teeth or they can even be used to cover spaces in between the teeth.
Bad breath or Halitosis is a disorder that arises from diseases of the gums or the tooth. Sometimes it can also result from intestinal disorders. This at times may be a temporary phase and it may go after some time when you follow proper dental hygiene. In case that you find that your problem persists then you should consult your doctor or if you think it is a gum / dental related disorder, then you should consult a dentist.
Bruxism is a common problem that has been faced by a number of people irrespective of their knowledge that they are suffering from Bruxism. This is commonly known as grinding of the tooth. The grinding of the teeth or clenching of the teeth is done as a result of anxiety. Some studies have pointed this activity as a habit.
Generally, the consensus amongst dentists is that a reasonable period for routine examination and periodontal maintenance is 6 months. The benefits of regular dental visits are significant. Early identification of cavities results in minor restorations. Regular cleaning and good oral hygiene result in good periodontal health. It is now recognized that oral health can have an influence on general health.
According to the American Dental Association, you should brush your teeth twice a day. Brushing your teeth helps to remove plaque which causes tooth decay and can lead to gum disease. Always use a soft bristled toothbrush with toothpaste that contains fluoride. Make sure that the toothbrush fits inside of your mouth so that you can easily reach all areas. When brushing, use gentle back and forth strokes, brushing all sides of the teeth. Always brush your tongue to remove any bacteria and keep your breath fresh.
You should floss your teeth at least once a day. Flossing in between your teeth removes food debris and plaque from in between the teeth that a toothbrush can’t reach. Plaque causes tooth decay and can lead to gum disease. Another great reason to floss is that recent studies have shown that flossing helps to prevent a heart attack or stroke.
When flossing, be sure to gently insert the floss in between the teeth, without snapping, which could damage the gum tissue. Gently move the floss up and down into the spaces between the gum and teeth. Floss the sides of all of your teeth, even if there isn’t a tooth next to another one. There are a number of dental products available that are designed to make flossing easier, such as disposable dental flossers.
Adults and children should change their toothbrush every 3 months because they become worn out and are not as effective as they once were. Exceptions to this would be if you were using an electric toothbrush, and the manufacturer states otherwise. Some electric rechargeable toothbrushes have very good brush heads that only need to be changed every 6 months. If you have gum disease, you should change your toothbrush every 4 – 6 weeks because bacteria can harbor in the bristles. You should always rinse your toothbrush out with hot water after every use and change it after you have been sick.
At ‘The Dentist’ we believe in making your child’s visit to the Dentist as enjoyable as possible. We approach all treatment in a non-threatening and minimally invasive way, where possible. We encourage you to bring your children in with you to your check-up appointments from very early on. This introduces them to the dental environment and the Dentist in a non-threatening way and allows your child to have confidence when it is their turn. Most children will have all of their baby teeth between 2-3 years of age. It is during this time that they should have their first ‘official’ check-up.
It is common for third molar teeth to either partially erupt or erupt in a way that is not ideal. This may be related to the fact that there is not enough room for them to erupt properly or that they are oriented badly and cannot erupt.
The most common treatment for them is extraction. This can be complicated by the position of the third molars relative to the inferior dental nerve and canal which pass through the region where third molars usually erupt. Because of the threat to this nerve, early assessment of the condition of the third molars is important. Early intervention and removal of third molars where necessary can significantly reduce the threat to this nerve in the removal procedure.
Pregnancy is a very exciting and busy time. There are so many changes going on in your body and your mouth is no exception. Good oral hygiene is extremely important during pregnancy because the increase of hormone levels during pregnancy can cause dental problems to be intensified.
One of the most common dental problems associated with pregnancy is a condition known as pregnancy gingivitis, which usually occurs during the first trimester. Symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis are usually bleeding, swollen, red and tender gums.
Good oral health during pregnancy could also be important to your fetus. Some researchers have suggested that the serious stage of gum disease, periodontitis , could cause premature birth and low birth weight.
The tips listed here can help you maintain good oral health throughout your pregnancy:
• Visit your dentist for regular check ups and cleanings. This is the best way to make sure that you are maintaining good oral hygiene. Ideally, dental treatment is carried out before conception or after the first trimester (12 weeks).
• Brush your teeth properly at least twice a day to remove plaque.
• Floss your teeth daily. Flossing will remove food debris from in between the teeth that a toothbrush can’t reach.
• Use an antimicrobial mouth rinse. Antimicrobial mouth rinses can help prevent gingivitis.
• Brush or scrape your tongue daily to help remove bacteria.
• Eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks.
• Now that you know what to do to protect your oral health, sit back, relax and enjoy this beautiful time in your life.
Dental radiographs (x-rays) show the structures of your teeth and mouth that cannot be seen visually during your clinical examination. Some areas of your teeth have thicker outer enamel surfaces making detection of decay, by looking clinically only, very difficult. X-rays also allow us to see the very early signs of decay which means we can start treatment early – sometimes without having to do a filling.
From time to time there are other more specific reasons to take an x-ray, for example, infection or to check on wisdom teeth. Dental x-rays require small radiation doses (even smaller now that we have digital x-rays!) however, we never take them unnecessarily.
With modern technology, filtering and high speed films, radiation dosage of dental x-ray is extremely low and safe. If x-rays are required during pregnancy, please consult with your obstetrician.
Dental amalgam (silver) fillings have been around for over 150 years and continue to be used in modern dentistry. Unfortunately over the years, amalgam’s reputation has been tarnished mostly by unfounded media reports. The World Health Organization and the International Dental Federation have released a joint statement confirming the safety of dental amalgam as a filling material. There is no scientific evidence of any kind linking dental amalgam to ill health.
As a modern dental practice we offer our patients a variety of restorative materials including amalgam, composite, glass ionomer, porcelain and gold. We will advise and discuss with you the best option for your individual circumstance. Which material we use will be your choice but make it an informed decision.
Very large fillings are likely to be weak, unstable and to leak over time leading to recurrent decay and replacement with even larger fillings. This process of patching or replacing already large fillings is what we call “patchwork dentistry”. In most situations, patchwork dentistry ultimately leads to the loss of the tooth, or at minimum to very expensive methods of repair. A crown can strengthen a weakened tooth and help to give it the best long term strength and prognosis.
Fissures are the grooves on the biting surfaces of back teeth. Often, if these grooves are deep, food and bacteria can be trapped and this can lead to decay. Modern preventive dentistry now allows us to flow a white or clear sealant material into these grooves to seal them. Sealants do not harm the tooth and are ideally placed in childhood when a permanent tooth has fully erupted into the mouth. The procedure does not involve any injections or drilling and it can be done by your dentist.
There are various ways to replace missing teeth. The three main options are: Denture, Bridge and Implant. It is best to discuss the options with us that are most suitable for you.
A dental implant is a metal device designed to replace missing teeth. The device is usually made out of titanium and is surgically placed into the jawbone where the tooth is missing. Unlike a dental bridge , an implant is permanent.
There is significant research being undertaken which suggests that there is a link between periodontal disease and heart disease. It is proposed that local periodontal inflammation can result in a wider immune response in the body which leads to an immune response in the endothelial lining of arteries facilitating atherosclerosis and heart disease.
Degeneration of oral health is commonly seen in diabetes. This is not an inevitable outcome of diabetes. If diabetes has been diagnosed, then regular dental visits are important. Good oral hygiene and regular maintenance by your dentist can help prevent deterioration of your periodontal condition.
Medication can have an influence on your oral health. Some medication can cause a reduction in salivary flow rates which can result in increased levels of dental decay. Other medication can result in periodontal conditions.
If you are taking medication, you should discuss the dental implications of this mediation with your dentist. Your dentist can help anticipate these problems and provide solutions to compensate for the influence of these treatments. It is also important to give the dentist a list of all of the medication that you are taking when you attend for dental treatment. This allows your dentist to plan treatment to ensure that there is no interaction between your medication and medicaments used in the treatment.
Some medical conditions have significance for dentistry. Some bacteria which make up part of the normal flora of the mouth can pose a threat to patients who have certain medical conditions. These include :
• Patients who have heart murmurs.
• Patients who have had heart-valve repairs.
• Patients who have had knee, hip, or other joint reconstructions.
If you fall into one of these categories, it is important to let us know. Treatment can still be carried out but these bacteria must be suppressed with prophylactic antibiotic therapy prior to dental treatment.
Other groups requiring special care include :
• Immunosuppressed patients.
• Patients receiving chemo or radio therapy.
• Patients on anticoagulant therapy
The length of treatment depends upon the severity of the problem. It may take 6 to 30 months.
Adjustment visits, once braces are in place, are short appointments that occur 3 to 8 weeks apart. Dr Arvind uses the latest generation of wire technology in the practice, which allows fewer adjustments and greater comfort, while achieving superior results in the same or lesser time frame.
Yes. Braces should not interfere with the way you speak or the sound of your voice. In certain cases, your mouth may need to adjust if you have an appliance which could get in the way of your tongue. You may then have a little trouble speaking clearly for a day or two. However, your tongue will readjust and you will be able to talk like normal soon after.
After treatment for the first few days your teeth will feel a little tender and you may wish to eat softer foods. After this you should be able to eat normally again.
When you first get braces, you could experience some ulcers in your mouth. If you rinse in warm salty water, they will heal within a week or two. We provide orthodontic wax to our patients when they get braces put on as this helps protect the inside of your cheeks from rubbing against the brackets, which in turn helps prevent ulcers forming. Your gums and cheeks will become accustomed to the braces and after a while you shouldn’t need to use wax anymore.
We will simply re-attach it. Usually this is not a problem; however, if this does occur please make an appointment with us as soon as possible.
Definitely! Today more and more adults are deciding to undergo Orthodontic treatment with approximately 50% of our patients being adults. Through the continual advancements in the field of Orthodontics, today treatment is more refined and the materials used are stronger and less intrusive. No more bulky metal brackets or ‘train tracks’ running across teeth! Many Orthodontic treatments are now so discreet no one will even know you are wearing them.
In some cases teeth may need to be removed, in order to make enough room to fit crowded teeth into position. Fortunately, modern Orthodontics involves a much lower requirement to remove teeth, and, if treated at the correct age, teeth may only need to be removed in 10 to 15 percent of cases.